The status quo of solid waste treatment in Indonesia
Author: Winner Group Time: 2018-05-22
Compared with other ASEAN countries, The solid waste service provided by Indonesian authorities is relatively low, part of reasons including: the lack of laws and regulations about waste, local relevant departments inadequate enforcement, community residents' insufficient understanding of the problem, insufficient funds, private business lack of participation.
It is estimated thatthere are 38.5m tonnes of solid waste per year in Indonesia , equivalent to 450g per person per day, with 21.2 million tonnes of Java.There are 40.10million residents in the country's 26 largest cities , producing 14.1 million tons waste each year, equivalent to about 1 kilogram per person per day.Jakarta produces about 2.2 million tons of waste each year.In Indonesia, the main ingredient in municipal solid waste is the organic waste, accounted for 62%, the rest of the components are: the percentage of plastic (14%), paper (9%), rubber, glass, leather, metal accounted for 2%, other accounted for 13% of all types of waste. About 56 percent of the population (that is, 130.4 million) can enjoy a waste collection service;In Java, it was 59 percent.
In Indonesia, 16.7 million tons of waste each year have not been collected collection services, but by the community to dispose of, after being collected, accept all kinds of the disposal of the situation, including to the dump (11.8 million tons), buried (1.6 million tons), compost (1.2 million tons), open burning (800000 tons), cast (500000 tons) in the river.There is no doubt that these processes pose significant risks of public health and the environment.In particular, incineration of waste in cities and rural areas still poses considerable health risks to residents, even in the capital, Jakarta.
Most of the land occupied by landfills is owned by the government (93%), and 79% of the roads leading to landfills are covered with asphalt, and 16% of the road surface is at least compacted.Of all the landfills, 123 have reached the acceptable limit and need to be closed immediately.There are 360 seats that will reach the upper limit by 2020, and the rest will run until 2021.
In consciousness to the discharge of waste is constantly increasing, and after the change, of the Indonesian government since 2007 began to implement “3R” principle (reduce, reuse, recycle), as the increasing material recovery and reduce landfill processing means.In Indonesia, about 10 percent of the waste is collected by scavengers.Only a limited number of cities began to formally implement the “3R” principle formulated by the national government, and the recycling ratio in each link was: 2.26% of the waste generation, 2% of the secondary station, and 1.6% of the garbage dump. Recycling plastics is important to Indonesia because the country's plastic use will grow by about 3 percent a year.
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